Free Essay

Chapter 4 Discussion Questions

In: Business and Management

Submitted By vendi1993
Words 689
Pages 3
1. Culture plays one of the biggest roles in shaping how we communicate. For example, in India, it is sort of frowned upon to say no to someone. They will try their best to avoid saying no, and will often times try to say things that you want to hear to get around saying it. Sometimes they will even talk in very vague details. I have personally experienced this with an exchange student I met from England this past semester. Even though England and America have some similar characteristics in regards to culture, they also are very different. One of the biggest differences is in our humor. I would show her some American comedy TV shows that are fairly popular, and she would not like them very much. Then she would show me popular British TV comedy shows and I would find them quite odd. 2. Stereotyping is labeling a certain group of individuals to certain qualities or characteristics. Whether they be positive or negative. For example, a common stereotype is that all Muslim people are terrorists. Though that may be true for a very insignificant percentage of the Muslim population, it is actually highly inaccurate. If someone were to stereotype me with something, I would probably say that they would label me as a gamer nerd that expresses my anger through games on Xbox. 3. Language and culture almost go hand in hand. But they can cause major differences even when two cultures use the same language. A prime example of which is America and England. As I mentioned before, humor is one of the biggest differences that I have noticed between the two countries. 4. One big example of body language meaning different things in cultures is what in America we say as A-OK. Which is connecting your index finger and thumb together while keeping your other three fingers extended. While it is common for us to do this in social situations in the US, in France it means something completely different. It means “zero” or “worthless”, and in Japan it is a symbol of wealth and money. This can effect business when trying to recognize a person’s emotions through their facial expressions. Research has shown that cultures worldwide can distinguish facial expressions and relate them to almost any type of emotional feeling. 5. In monochromatic time systems, time is expressed in a linear fashion. For example, there is a past, present, and future. In this time system, time is treated almost as a resource that came be saved up and spent, or even wasted. In Polychromatic time systems, things occur almost simultaneously and time is not viewed necessarily as a resource. For example in Arab culture, putting the priority of a relationship above material systems and would even miss an critical business meeting for an important conversation with a friend. 6. In high-context cultures, you must look closely and carefully understand a person’s intentions. Their intent is not necessarily in front of you in plain sight, so you must read in between the lines to interpret what they mean. Arab cultures are good examples that exemplify this. It is very common for them to make assumptions about situations from their previous knowledge of the person or the situation. In low-context cultures, information and intent is almost told up front and verbatim. North American culture is a good example of this. Feelings are commonly expressed as direct words and information is readily available. 7. Information systems control how efficient a company is at communicating information in and out of their company. The speed at which the information transfers, however, can vary greatly from culture to culture. For example, in Chinese culture, a lot of information is actually censored whereas in South American culture, information flows more freely. 8. Social media has been invaluable in some aspects of global business communication. Social media outlets are a source of rich information that global managers have began to take advantage of in the recent years. Companies can get wide opiions on current products, generate new ideas for products, and even find out how competitors are doing.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Chapter 4 Review Question Answers

...Chapter 4 Review Questions 1. What are the five questions typically used in fact-finding? What additional questions can be asked during this process? The five questions are who, what, where, why, how. * Who? Who performs each of the procedures within the system? Why? Are the correct people performing the activity? Could other people perform the task more effectively? * What? What is being done? What procedures are being followed? Why is that process necessary? Often, Procedures are being followed for many years and no one knows why. You should question why a procedure is being followed at all. * Where? Where are operations being performed? * Why? Where could they be performed? Could they be performed more efficiently elsewhere? When? When is a procedure performed? Why is it being performed at this time? Is this the best time? * How? How is a procedure performed? Why is it performed in that manner? Could it be performed better, more efficiently, or less expensively in some other manner 2. What is a systems requirement, and how are systems requirements classified? A System Requirement is characteristic or feature that must be included in an information system to satisfy business requirements and be acceptable to users. System requirements serve as benchmarks to measure the overall acceptability of the finished system. System requirements fall into five general categories: outputs, inputs processes, performance, and controls. 3.......

Words: 1585 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Pmm190,Chapter 3 Discussion Questions

...the success (or in this case failure) of any project. When a key stakeholder says, ‘I didn’t know how bad things were,’ it is a direct indictment of the project manager’s communications management plan. When a critical deliverable like the middleware infrastructure that makes the whole thing work is left without assigned resources and progress tracking, the project manager has failed in his duty to the stakeholders. When key stakeholders (people and organizations that will be affected by the project, not just people who are directly working on the project) are not informed and their feedback incorporated into the project plan, disaster is sure to ensue. The project manager is ultimately responsible for the success or failure of the project. 4. Initiating – develop project charter Planning – develop project management plan, collect requirements, define scope, create WBS define activities Executing – direct and manage project execution Monitoring and Controlling – monitor and control project work, perform integrated change control, verify scope, control scope, control schedule Closing – close project or phase 5. Some typical challenges that project teams face during each of the five process groups are: 1.0 Initiating 1.2 Prepare project charter 1.3 Hold project kick-off meeting 2.0 Planning 2.1 Hold team planning meeting 2.2 Prepare team contract 2.3 Prepare scope statement 2.4 Prepare WBS 2.5 Prepare schedule and cost baseline 2.5.1 Determine task resources 2.5.2 Determine......

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Seminar 4 Discussion Questions

...Seminar 4 Discussion Questions Chapter Six 6. What is meant by the term safety time? The term safety time refers to scheduling orders for arrival and/or completion ahead of the tie they are needed. A sufficient amount of safety time eliminates and/or reduces the chance of waiting for items needed to fulfill an order (Stevenson, 2012). 9. What are some of the main advantages and limitations of MRP? Some of the main advantages of MRP are: 1.) the ability to identify specific parts and keep track of material requirements; 2.) the ability to evaluate capacity generated by a master schedule; 3.) low levels of in-process or pending inventories and determine exact unit numbers needed; 4.) the means of distributing production time; and 5.) the ability to determine the dates when orders should be released based on lead times (Stevenson, 2012). Some limitations of MRP are: 1.) MRP tried to do too much in software that cannot hold up all the time, such as dynamic, and often jumpy systems; and 2.) MRP has not operated well in various service applications (Stevenson, 2012). 15. How does the purpose of ERP differ from the purpose of MRP II? The purpose of ERP differs from the purpose of MRP II as MRP II is an expanded method for production resource planning. MRP II involved other areas of a firm in the planning process, while also enabling capacity requirements planning. ERP is a combination of financial, manufacturing, and human resources all in a single......

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gen200 Week 4 Discussion Questions

...GEN/200 Week 4 Discussion Questions 1. In this age of electronic communications such as cell phones, text messaging, and e-mail, what is the role of formal writing? How do you think these digital communication methods influence the writing process? In this age of electronic communications, people always use cell phones, text messaging, and e-mail every day. The communication through e-mail and text messages is not formal writing because people often use basic language or symbols in quick and simple way to exchange a few words with each other. These communications will limit the ability to perform formal writing in both the academic and profession environments. During the writing process, people tend to make errors such as misspell words, no punctuation, and grammar. These errors will make the reader confuse and unable to understand the main point of the paper. In conclusion, people should practice writing proper English in the daily electronic communications. It will help them success in both the academic and profession environments. 2. How do you think presenting information differs from writing a paper on that same information? Although the information for the research stays the same, the writing paper and the presentation are different by the way of individual deliver the information to the audiences. Writing paper provides the sources to show how reliable of information and helps determine the bias based for it. On other hand, presentation......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Chapter 4 Questions

...Chapter 4 Extra Credit Questions: 1. Direct labor is a valid basis for allocating overhead for job order costing. 2. In recent industrial history advances in computerized systems, technology innovation, global competition, and automation has changed manufacturing environments. That is what reduced the usefulness of direct labor as the primary basis for allocating overhead to products. 3. Machine hours are frequently more relevant than direct labor hours. 4. Overhead allocation to high volume products is responsible for less overhead cost per period, where overhead allocation to low volume products under a traditional costing system is responsible for more overhead cost per unit than the high-volume. 5. Activity based costing (ABC) is an overhead cost allocation system that allocates overhead to multiple activity pools and assigns the activity cost pool to products or services. Traditional product costing is determined through overhead cost. 6. Activity-Based Overhead Rates = Overhead/ Direct Labor Hours 7. The steps involved in developing an activity based costing system are identify and classify the activities, identify the cost driver, compute the activity based overhead rate, and assign overhead costs to production. 8. A value-added/non-value added flowchart is based on an analysis of all the activities preformed to manufacture a product. The flow chart will record each activity done and the time correlating to the activity. 9. Activity...

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Week 4 Discussion Questions

...utilities are among common company explicit costs. Because of their predictability, explicit costs are easier to budget for and account for in financial recordkeeping. Companies use explicit costs in budget preparation. They total the projected amounts of explicit costs based on monthly payments or average costs for an item over time. This provides a basis for understanding the break-even point at which revenue covers explicit costs. A high number of less predictable costs makes budgeting more difficult and leads to greater fluctuation in business income. These costs are never hidden, one has to pay separately. Source: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/explicit-cost-definition-65796.html From the e-Activity, recommend whether the company in question should or should not continue to produce the good or service. Provide a rationale for your response Let’s take a look at Apple and Beats Music. On May 28, 2014 Apple® announced it has agreed to acquire the critically acclaimed subscription streaming music service Beats Music, and Beats Electronics, which makes the popular Beats headphones, speakers and audio software. As part of the acquisition, Beats co-founders Jimmy Iovine and Dr. Dre will join Apple. Apple is acquiring the two companies for a total of $3 billion, consisting of a purchase price of approximately $2.6 billion and approximately $400 million that will vest over time. Iovine has been at the forefront of innovation in the music industry for decades, and he has......

Words: 1755 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Tb143 Review Questions Chapter 4

...major buses it contains: the system bus and the I/O bus. Together, these buses carry all the information between the different parts of the computer. 2. A,C Motherboards use expansion slots to provide support for additional I/O devices and high- speed video/graphic cards. The most common slots are PCI, AGP, and PCI-Express. 3. A,B,C,D SCSI is a more diversified driver interface that can use non-hard disk drives. 4. A,B,C The ATX family of motherboards has beat desktop comp. designs since late 1990. ATX- Advanced Technology Extended, replaces AT and Baby-AT. 5. G Motherboards in the ATX and BTX families have integrated I/O ports; including including serial, parallel, USB, PS/2, etc. 6. D Install the sound card then connect 1/8 in mini-jack cables from speakers and microphone to sound card. 7. B DDR SDRAM has 184 corresponding pins, the older version SDRAM has 168 pins. 8. A The most common speed for PCI is 33MHz, although it can vary determined by different variables. 9. C PCI Express has 4 major types of ports; x1,x4,x8,x16. 10. B AGP x4 can transmit 1066 MBps, but PCIe x1 can only transmit 500 MBps. 11. A SATA 2nd gen. goes at 3GBps 12. A,C Always turn off power before unplugging the ribbon cables. 13. A,D If comp. doesn't start check all connections; main power, CPU, RAM, and video card. 14. B The headphone connection is a shade of green. 15. C Before turning on the computer......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Discussion Question Chapter 6

...environmental monitoring that should be conducted. How well do you think managers conduct environmental assessment? Environmental assessment is the first major way to weighing international strategic. The assessment includes environmental scanning and continuous monitoring to keep abreast of variable around the world that are pertinent to the firm and that have the potential to shape its future by posing new opportunities. Environmental scanning is the process of gathering information and forecasting relevant trends, competitive actions, and circumstances that will affect operations in geographic areas of potential interest. Scanning should focus on the future interests of the firm should cover the following major variables. 3. 4. Discuss the relative advantages of globalization versus regionalization. Advantages of globalization versus regionalization/localization while globalization supports integration of different cultures, countries and societies across the globe; on the other hand regionalization or localization encourages economic and social harmony limited to a certain Geography such as North America or Europe. Globalization allows many organizations to expand their business across the globe and trade at international level which allows having better competition along with more 5....

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Topic 7 Chapter Discussion Question

...five key processes—plan, source, make, deliver, and return—associated with supply chain management. Each of the five processes indicates the important role of logistics in supply chain management. There are eight relevant processes in the GSCF model—customer relationship management, customer service management, demand management, order fulfillment, manufacturing flow management, supplier relationship management, product development management, and returns management. Logistics also plays an important role in the supply chain processes in the GSCF model. 3.      What are four key attributes of supply chain management? The chapter discussed six key attributes of supply chain management: customer power; a long-term orientation; leveraging technology; enhanced communication across organizations; inventory control; interorganizational coordination. 4.      Why do contemporary supply chains need to be fast and agile? “fast” encompasses a time/speed component, while “agile” focuses on an organization’s ability to respond to changes in demand with respect to volume and variety. Fast and agile are important attributes of contemporary supply chains in part because customer needs and wants can change relatively quickly. Failure to be fast and agile can result in decreased market share, reduced profitability, lower stock price, and/or dissatisfied customers for supply chain participants. 5.      What is the difference between relational and transactional exchanges? Which is......

Words: 1568 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Chapter % Discussion Questions

...John Day 10/28/15 Retail Marketing Professor: Scapparone Chapter 5 Discussion Questions. 1.) Why must a retailer view itself as a member of a larger marketing system? Can’t JCPenny’s Costco, or BestBuy be successful on its own? Being a member of a larger marketing system is a good idea. Being part of the system of say BestBuy lets customers know no matter where they are they can get the same products and services at any BestBuy anywhere in the world. I suppose they could stand alone, but being part of the larger marketing system brings great benefits. You get to use their models and their proved marketing platforms. 2.) Must a retailer be involved in performing all the marketing functions? If it can rely on other members of the channel, what functions can they perform and which members can perform them? Yes a retailer should be involved in every aspect of the company, do they have to di it themselves? No they can put these tasks in other people’s capable hands. The seven marketing functions are Pricing, Products/Service Management, Distribution, Financing, Marketing Information Management, Selling, and Promotion. 3.) Facilitating marketing institutions, since they don’t take title to the goods, add no value to a supply chain, Agree or disagree with this statement, and explain your reasoning. I disagree just because they don’t take title of the goods does not make them any less valuable in the supply chain. With agents, brokers, wholesalers,......

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Chapter 9 Question and Discussion

...Chapter 9 Review Question, Discussion Topic and Project Review Question 1: In the auto shop examples on page 348, what are some problems that might arise in Mario's system? Why won't Danica run into the same problems? Provide specific examples in your answer. Problems that would be exclusive to Mario’s Auto Shop are: increased time spent on entering in the same data, miscalculations could result from having two people entering in the same data and they would not be able to compare all of the data at once. Danica wouldn’t run into those problems because she only has one table and therefore doesn’t have to retype the same data into two different tables. Danica would also be able to compare all of her data on a single screen and would be able to organize the two categories at once. Having only one large table would also reduce time being spent on entering data as opposed to having two separate data tables. Discussion Topic 1: Are there ethical issues to consider when planning a database? For example, should sensitive personal data (such as medical information) be stored in the same DBMS that manages employee salary and benefits data? Why or why not? The main ethical issues of handling sensitive data would be privacy. Medical information should only be visible to doctors or health insurance providers. While employee salary and benefits should only be visible to management. Also all the data storage should comply with all laws of privacy including the HIPPA act and......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Acc 290 Week 4 Discussion Question 1

...ACC 290 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 To purchase this visit here: http://www.nerdypupil.com/product/acc-290-week-4-discussion-question-1/ Contact us at: nerdypupil@gmail.com ACC 290 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 How would you calculate cost of goods sold? What items make up cost of goods sold? How does beginning and ending inventory affect cost of goods sold? What are the journal entries a merchandising organization would use to record the purchase and subsequent sale of merchandise? How would these transactions differ with a periodic versus a perpetual inventory system? Why are perpetual inventory systems so much more popular today than back in the early 1960s and earlier? Why would a company employing a perpetual inventory system still take a physical inventory periodically? Home Work Hour aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of ACC 290 Week 4 Discussion Question 1 in order to ace their studies. ACC 290 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 To purchase this visit here: http://www.nerdypupil.com/product/acc-290-week-4-discussion-question-1/ Contact us at: nerdypupil@gmail.com ACC 290 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 How would you calculate cost of goods sold? What items make up cost of goods sold? How does beginning and ending inventory affect cost of goods sold? What are the journal entries a merchandising organization would use to record the purchase and subsequent sale of merchandise? How would these transactions differ with a periodic......

Words: 943 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Acc 340 Week 4 Discussion Question 1

...WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 To purchase this visit here: http://www.nerdypupil.com/product/acc-340-week-4-discussion-question-1/ Contact us at: nerdypupil@gmail.com ACC 340 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 What are the steps in the SDLC? Which is most important? What are the ramifications of skipping one of these steps? Home Work Hour aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of ACC 340 Week 4 Discussion Question 1 in order to ace their studies. ACC 340 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 To purchase this visit here: http://www.nerdypupil.com/product/acc-340-week-4-discussion-question-1/ Contact us at: nerdypupil@gmail.com ACC 340 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 What are the steps in the SDLC? Which is most important? What are the ramifications of skipping one of these steps? Home Work Hour aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of ACC 340 Week 4 Discussion Question 1 in order to ace their studies. ACC 340 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 To purchase this visit here: http://www.nerdypupil.com/product/acc-340-week-4-discussion-question-1/ Contact us at: nerdypupil@gmail.com ACC 340 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 What are the steps in the SDLC? Which is most important? What are the ramifications of skipping one of these steps? Home Work Hour aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of ACC 340 Week 4 Discussion Question 1 in order to ace their studies. ACC 340 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION......

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sad Chapter 4 Review Questions

...Chapter 4 Review Questions   1. What are the five questions typically used in fact-finding? What additional questions can be asked during this process? The five questions are who, what, where, why, how.       * Who? Who performs each of the procedures within the system? Why? Are the correct people performing the activity? Could other people perform the task more effectively?       * What? What is being done? What procedures are being followed? Why is that process necessary? Often, Procedures are being followed for many years and no one knows why. You should question why a procedure is being followed at all.       * Where? Where are operations being performed?       * Why? Where could they be performed? Could they be performed more efficiently elsewhere? When? When is a procedure performed? Why is it being performed at this time? Is this the best time?       * How? How is a procedure performed? Why is it performed in that manner? Could it be performed better, more efficiently, or less expensively in some other manner   2. What is a systems requirement, and how are systems requirements classified? A System Requirement is characteristic or feature that must be included in an information system to satisfy business requirements and be acceptable to users. System requirements serve as benchmarks to measure the overall acceptability of the finished system. System requirements fall into five general categories: outputs, inputs processes, performance, and controls. 3.......

Words: 1708 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Chapter 4 Reading Questions

...ACCOUNTING 5336 Ch4 – Reading Questions – Spring 2012 Recognizing Revenues in Governmental Funds Ch 4a (pp 130-151) 1. The current model for governmental reporting requires two sets of financial statements. What are they? What key reporting objective does each meet? What basis of accounting does each use? (p131) Government-wide statements: full accrual and consolidate all funds. Indicating the extent to which the entity achieved interperiod equity (Demonstrates whether the entity’s current-year revenues were sufficient to pay for the current year’s services.) Fund statements: governmental funds on modified accrual basis. Demonstrating whether the entity obtained and used its resources in accordance with its legally adopted budget. 2. Why didn’t GASB just require governments to use their budgetary basis for financial reporting? (p132) Because retaining the modified accrual basis ensures that all governments report on the same basis and thereby facilitates comparisons among entities. Comparisons would have been difficult if each reported on its own particular budget basis. 3. Current financial resources (the measurement focus used with modified accrual) can be described as “expendable financial resources”. What does this mean? (132-3) This is cash and other items that can be expected to be transformed into cash in the normal course of operations (less current liabilities). Other items include investments and receivables......

Words: 1979 - Pages: 8