Ch. 25 Notes.Doc

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Mobilizing for Defense I. Americans Join the War: A. Pearl Harbor 1. Japanese thought the Americans would give up B. Selective Service System 1. Many volunteered 2. Still needed the draft C. Women & the Military 1. Performed non-combat jobs (WAAC) 2. Segregated D. Discrimination & the Military 1. Many minorities questioned if it was their war to fight 2. Many minorities did join; but segregated units (beginning of the Civil Rights Movement)

II. Production A. Industry 1. Switched to wartime production 2. Brought U.S. out of the Great Depression B. Labor Force 1. Faced discrimination and lower pay 2. Women became a permanent part of the work force (beginning of Women’s Rights Movement)

III. Science A. OSRD (Created by FDR in 1941) 1. Pesticides (DDT), Radar, Sonar, and Penicillin B. Manhattan Project 1. Atomic Bomb 2. Einstein worked on project

IV. Federal Government Control: A. OPA & WPA 1. Control Inflation 2. Encourage Americans to buy War Bonds (War Bonds financed the war) B. Rationing (limiting scare goods needed for war) 1. Gas & Metal 2. Black Market

The War for Europe & North Africa I. The U.S. and Britain Join Forces A. FDR and Churchill worked out a war plan together B. Battle of the Atlantic 1. Germans wanted to prevent supplies from reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union 2. Allies in control of the Atlantic by middle of 1943

II. The Eastern Front and the Mediterranean A. Battle of Stalingrad 1. Hitler…...

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