Castration as Substitute for Jailtime

In: Social Issues

Submitted By blaine
Words 972
Pages 4
The questions given are thus: should a convicted sexual offender be able to consent to surgical castration as a means of avoiding incarceration? Could a judge require this before a sexual offender is paroled? What are the ethics in these cases? The answer to the first question can be nothing but an outright no. While it has been the case before, we have no reason to allow criminals to trade body parts for the punishment and sentencing they have shown themselves to deserve. This is especially true when the amputation involved is actually no real guarantee that the offender will repeat their crime. While seeming like an extreme scenario (and it is), removal of such an offender’s testicles is not necessarily going to eliminate his capacity to assault or molest a child, minor, or even adult. In a similar case, a man convicted of sexual battery on a minor and lewd and lascivious behavior had requested surgical castration as a means of avoiding what would be an almost certain life-sentence. This man was arrested for performing oral sex on an eleven-year-old1 . He did not need his penis or testicles for this heinous act. One might argue that with the loss of the testicles, sex-drive is decreased very much. This is true, but with hormone therapy it can resurface, and while it would not necessarily be easy for a convicted sex offender to get ahold of testosterone injections, it would not, by any means, be impossible. Even the drop in ability to maintain an erection would not necessarily curb the behavior, as often times in situations of rape (and this is especially true in matters of molestation), that the act in itself is less about sex, and more about the gaining of control and/or power that they feel is missing in their life2, and there are means of taking that control sexually without your own genitalia. In short, the simple removal of a body part cannot be taken as…...

Similar Documents

Freud, the ‘Uncanny’, 1919

...fear of going blind, is often enough a substitute for the dread of being castrated. The selfblinding of the mythical criminal, Oedipus, was simply a mitigated form of the punishment of castration - the only punishment that was adequate for hum by the lex talionis. We may try on rationalistic grounds to deny that fears about the eye are derived from the fear of castration, and may argue that it is very natural that so precious an organ as the eye should be guarded by a proportionate dread. Indeed, we might go further and say that the fear of castration itself contains no other significance and no deeper secret than a justifiable dread of this rational kind. But this view does not account adequately for the substitutive relation between the eye and the male organ which is seen to exist in dreams and myths and phantasies; nor can it dispel the impression that the threat of being castrated in especial excites a peculiarly violent and obscure emotion, and that this emotion is what first gives the idea of losing other organs its intense colouring. All further doubts are removed when we learn the details of their ‘castration complex’ from the analysis of neurotic patients, and realize its immense importance in their mental life Moreover, I would not recommend any opponent of the psycho-analytic view to select this particular story of the Sand-Man with which to support his argument that anxiety about the eyes has nothing to do with the castration complex. For why does Hoffmann bring......

Words: 13536 - Pages: 55

Castrations

...Should Castration Be An Option? In the case of David Wayne Jones, who was an employee of a YMCA, molested over 40 boys and was sentenced with several felony charges. Mr. Jones voluntarily decided to be castrated in a Texas and it’s the only state in the United States to allow the surgery to be done. Mr. Jones had tried the reduction of testosterone but that did not work out for him. I believe that castration should not be ruled as sentencing for sex offenders because for female offenders the sentencing of castration would not work. Another is most sex offenders are still sexually violent predators. Also not many states would like the idea of castration being a sentencing. Female offenders would not be affected as much as male offenders with castration and state/federal law should not discriminate sex. The law should be affecting both sexes so that both sexes would receive the same punishment. Incarceration is, in my belief, the best punishment for sex offenders right now. Incarceration is both fair to female offenders and male offenders. In the case of David Wayne Jones, Mr. Jones was ruled to still be a sexually violent predator. Therefore, this sentencing would not be as effective as incarceration. Mr. Jones voluntarily castrated himself but the question of “Did he do it for a lesser sentence?” pops into the picture. In my belief, it should not be consider as a result of a “plea barging” because many sex offenders would take that easy way out. Not many states......

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Sugar Substitute Research Decision: Medium Involvement.

...Sugar Substitute Research Decision: Medium involvement. Coast Guard Cutter Decision Problem: Low involvement 2. What factors led you to choose this alternative rather than the others? Sugar Substitute Research Decision: * Decision structure: no set decision process for such project. * Source of decision knowledge: Sugar substitute is beyond my technical expertise, but some of researchers are familiar with it. I do not know how much demand is expected for this product * Decision commitment: the budget for R&D department is limited, and they are short in resources as well. However, sugar substitute can be another huge source of company profit, and some level of participation in decision making will improve scientists and researchers to commit to the decision. * Risk of conflict: risk of conflict seems low since most researchers in R&D unit are committed to ensuring the company’s interests. Coast Guard Cutter Decision Problem: * Decision structure: no programmed procedures? * Source of decision knowledge: Both my team and I are experts. Communication is lost. Storm is severe. * Decision commitment: the crews have to follow the decision even though they don’t agree with it. Employee involvement is not necessary to improve commitment. * Risk of conflict: there may be some conflict between norms because the decision is critical to one’s life. 3. What problems might occur if less or more involvement occurred in this case (where possible)...

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Literature Analysis

...Yoga Shentu GERM 340 - Professor Kita 2/23/14 Word Count: 1262 Essay #1 Topic # 3 Driven by Fear- the Force that Grasps from Inside In The Sandman by E.T.A. Hoffmann, the fate of Nathaniel is closely related to eyes. In Freud’s The Uncanny, the fear of losing one’s eyes substitutes for the fear of castration. From my perspective, the castration theory lacks evidence in the literature itself. However it is the fear of losing his eyes that cumulates in and leads to Nathaniel’s madness, as is mentioned when he sees a pair of eyes taken out of Olympia, the automaton. On a deeper level, madness is also linked to his resentment of his fiancée rationality. From the second letter that Nathaniel writes to Lothar, Clara’s brother, it is obvious that he resists the kind of “philosophical response”. And Nathaniel’s reaction to Clara after reading the poem also confirms his resistance for her rational thinking. These two elements combine and push Nathaniel to his madness. Throughout the story, Nathaniel always turns anxious and aggressive at the scene where a pair of eyeballs or something relevant to eyes are in sight. As Freud mentioned in The Uncanny, “so precious an organ as the eye should be guarded by a commensurate anxiety” (140). In Nathaniel’s letter to Lothar, he explains how the bedtime story seeds the fear of losing eyes. And later his encounter with Coppelius, the old barrister, when Coppelius attempts to take Nathaniel’s eyes out, traumatizes him as a child.......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

The Sugar Substitute Research Decision

...Organizational Behavior Janet Fisher SP14 April 6, 2014 Lisa A Willis Organizational Behavior The definition of organizational behavior is the study of individuals and their behavior within the context of the organization in a work place setting. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication and management. A good understanding of organizational behavior is very important for everyone. It not only benefits a person individually, the organization as a whole, but also influences organizational events. There are five organizational behavior trends in the workplace: globalization, the changing workforce, evolving employment relationships, virtual work, and workplace values and ethics. In this essay, we will talk about three of them which are globalization, work place diversity and virtual work. At a global level, globalization has many benefits. For some people, it has been seen as an alleviation of poverty. One such example is the use of labor in 3rd world countries. At world level, globalization creates hundreds of millions of jobs, not unemployment. These are mainly in the developing countries, but they are only marginally at the expense of jobs in advanced countries. As a result, the extra income would go to food and an improved lifestyle for some of the people living in 3rd world countries. For an example, the Japanese motor industry, Honda is manufactured in Thailand, and the U.S. Nike sports wear clothing is......

Words: 1106 - Pages: 5

The Outgoing Substitute

...The Outgoing Substitute Going through school, students were always excited to see a substitute teacher enter into their classroom because it meant for an easy day. The students in Charles Baxter’s “Gryphon” probably did feel the same way when Miss Ferenczi, their substitute teacher, would walk into the classroom. Miss Ferenczi is no ordinary substitute teacher because she had the students draw their own conclusions but in an unusual way. She taught the students in a way that made them use their imagination and question what she was teaching them. Miss Ferenczi was a younger woman with a joyful personality that had a mission to open the minds of the students who attended Five Oaks Elementary and create an experience that they would not usually receive with any other normal substitute teacher. The students at Five Oaks Elementary were aware and ready to do the same day to day routine, when it came to their school work. They knew what to expect each day when they entered into the classroom, until Miss Ferenczi came along. Miss Ferenczi made quite the first impression to the students with her purple purse and her checkerboard lunchbox. There was something different about her and the students could tell as soon as she walked in the door. She walks to the blackboard, picking up pieces of white and green chalk, and draws a large tree and states how the classroom needed a tree. It grabs the students’ attention and has them wondering who this substitute is. Miss Ferenczi then......

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Shiloh

...develops central characters, most notably Emmett in In Country and Leroy in "Shiloh," who seem to play analogous roles to that of the wounded king in Grail legend. However, if we approach these characters--and most particularly their wounds--from the perspective of psychoanalytic semiotics rather than myth-ritual criticism, we arrive at some very different observations about them, observations which produce some strikingly different conclusions about their identities and the texts they inhabit. In this essay, for example, I argue that Leroy's wound, although it incapacitates him physically, is not synonymous with sexual impotence. Instead, Leroy's wound functions as a psychic symptom, an externalization and a representation of his figurative castration within the family structure and his psychic emasculation within the symbolic order. That is, Leroy's wound signifies his lack, a lack that, in turn, generates his desire. One of the fundamental principles of psychoanalytic semiotics is the absence of sexual difference. Psychically, there is no sexual difference between men and women. Nevertheless, psychoanalytic semiotics acknowledges that our present dominant fiction is above all else the representational system through which the subject is accommodated to the Name-of-the-Father. Its most central signifier of unity is the (paternal) family, and its primary signifier of privilege the phallus. 'Male' and 'Female' constitute our dominant fiction's most fundamental binary......

Words: 7952 - Pages: 32

The Phenonmenon of Father Absense

...psychoanalyst, with the interference of the father, girls discover the distinctions between the sexes and may feel themselves to have been deprived of a penis by the mother rather than actually by the father. Thus they enter the most important stage in Electra phase: castration complex which initiates the research that leads her to desire the paternal penis. In this way, they transfer their love-object from the mother to the father and gain the capability to choose the right love-object. Lacan believes that it is the function of the father that breaks this chaos in the Electra phase or Oedipal phase. For Lacan, father, rather than being a person, becomes a signifier or a structuring principle of the Symbolic order, which is the so-called Name-of-the-Father, or the Law-of-the-Father, or sometimes just the Law. Submission to the Law of the Father is required in order to enter into the Symbolic order. Only when girls are fully aware of the Name-of-the-father can they identify their ego to establish a symbolic order using language to express themselves well and will they no longer addict to the Imaginary order as they usually do in the Electra phase. Otherwise, they will retreat from the battle to overcome the influence of the Castration threaten and the Electra complex from where her deformity of the character originate. What is worth? Some girls will stay in the imaginary realm always perusing the phallus which may lead to great suffer of neurosis like paranoia and some kinds......

Words: 5476 - Pages: 22

Using Solar Energy to Substitute Kerosene as a Fuel in India

...Electrification as a substitute for Kerosene Subsidies in India - Sushant Vinchurkar Rural Solar electrification as a substitute for Kerosene subsidies in India In a recent article in the Times of India, renowned economist Swaminathan S. Anklesaria Aiyar has posed a million dollar question: “For decades, kerosene has been sold at highly subsidized prices on the grounds that it provides essential rural lighting to villages without electricity. However, if electricity is now available in all villages in some states, and will soon cover the vast majority of the rural population, why should the kerosene subsidy continue, especially when it’s well known that a corrupt, leaky distribution system means that little actually reaches the poor?” The magnitude of subsidy on Kerosene in India: Factual data Kerosene is primarily used in rural households for lighting (see following figure 1). Subsidized kerosene provided through the public distribution system (PDS) is intended to be targeted to those households that are below the poverty line and have ration cards to prove their economic status. Figure1 National Sample Survey Office data for 2004–05 showed that approximately 50 per cent of poor rural households did not have a BPL card and, in some states, such as Bihar and Jharkhand, the figure was as high as 80 per cent (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, 2007). Figure 2 (Source: IISD report) 2 Rural Solar electrification as a substitute for......

Words: 941 - Pages: 4

Threat of Substitutes

...Capital City Toyota Where affordability meets Luxury 1456 Pine Lake Rd Lincoln, NE 68507 402-467-5103 Confidential Memorandum DATE: Nov 11, 2013 TO: Akio Toyoda, FROM: Yanming Sheng SUBJECT: Group 2 Work Plan--Background I am working on background, which has two parts. I am starting with the history of the recall and ending with the results of the recall on sales and company image. In November 2009. The Toyota Company admitted to the defective accelerator pedal in some vehicles. Therefore, Toyota decided to recall the affected vehicles. Even if Toyota recalled the defective vehicles and did some compensation to customers, people had the doubt for safety of Toyota vehicles. Lexus is recalling approximately 3,800 late 2009 and certain 2010 model year Lexus LS 460 and LS 600h L vehicles in the U.S. to address an issue with the Variable Gear Ratio Steering (VGRS) system. (toyota, 2010) The first recall, on November 2, 2009, was to correct a possible incursion of an incorrect or out-of-place front driver's side floor mat into the foot pedal well, which can cause pedal entrapment. The second recall, on January 21, 2010, was begun after some crashes were shown not to have been caused by floor mat incursion. This latter defect was identified as a possible mechanical sticking of the accelerator pedal causing unintended acceleration, referred to as Sticking Accelerator Pedal by Toyota. (wikipedia, 2010) The recalls happened see like never end, however,......

Words: 372 - Pages: 2

History 454 - Castration Effects

...History 454 Primary Document Analysis#2 Effects of Castration on Men and Women David 0. Cauldwell Wayne Nordentoft Student#063020327 July 2, 2015 2 copies of Sexology were widely read in the U.S.A. 7 In particular, the Haldeman-Julius Big and Little Blue Books were widely available and inexpensive, and many of them 8 were virtual best sellers, not officially, but in terms of numbers sold. The owners of Haldeman-Julius Publications, Emanuel Haldeman and his wife, Marcet, were both atheists and socialists whose aim was to educate working people, and they were strongly against censorship. 9 Cauldwell wrote extensively on sexual behavior, especially "deviant" sexual behavior, and specialized in writing about transvestism, transsexuality, and hermaphroditism. 1 ° Cauldwell's first Haldeman-Julius booklet was written in 1947 on transvestism. It was entitled Strange Stories, Weird Confessions, Historical Data and Scientific Explanations of Transvestism and this title precisely summarizes its contents. He repeated this formula in his later booklets, which consisted mainly of letters sent to him by his Sexology readers, historical examples interspersed with descriptions of the medical and scientific knowledge of the period, and his own advice and comments. 11 This formula is very much in evidence in Cauldwell's Effects of Castration on Men and Women. Cauldwell rarely referred to specific medical or scientific writers in his publications, although he was very well read on......

Words: 553 - Pages: 3

History 454-Effects of Castration on Men and Women

...History 454 Primary Document Analysis#2 Effects of Castration on Men and Women David 0. Cauldwell Wayne Nordentoft Student#063020327 July 2, 2015 2 copies of Sexology were widely read in the U.S.A. 7 In particular, the Haldeman-Julius Big and Little Blue Books were widely available and inexpensive, and many of them 8 were virtual best sellers, not officially, but in terms of numbers sold. The owners of Haldeman-Julius Publications, Emanuel Haldeman and his wife, Marcet, were both atheists and socialists whose aim was to educate working people, and they were strongly against censorship. 9 Cauldwell wrote extensively on sexual behavior, especially "deviant" sexual behavior, and specialized in writing about transvestism, transsexuality, and hermaphroditism. 1 ° Cauldwell's first Haldeman-Julius booklet was written in 1947 on transvestism. It was entitled Strange Stories, Weird Confessions, Historical Data and Scientific Explanations of Transvestism and this title precisely summarizes its contents. He repeated this formula in his later booklets, which consisted mainly of letters sent to him by his Sexology readers, historical examples interspersed with descriptions of the medical and scientific knowledge of the period, and his own advice and comments. 11 This formula is very much in evidence in Cauldwell's Effects of Castration on Men and Women. Cauldwell rarely referred to specific medical or scientific writers in his publications, although he was very well read on......

Words: 553 - Pages: 3

Calamansi (Citrofortunella Microcarapa), Onion (Allium Cepa), Chili (Capsicum Fretescens Linn) Substitute as Cockroach Killer

...CALAMANSI (CITROFORTUNELLA MICROCARAPA), ONION (ALLIUM CEPA), CHILI (CAPSICUM FRETESCENS LINN) SUBSTITUTE AS COCKROACH KILLER A Science Investigatory Project ABSTRACT Title: CALAMANSI (CITROFURTUNELLA MICROCARPA) ONION (ALLIUM CEPA) CHILI (CAPSICUM FRETESCENS LINN) SUBSTITUTE AS COCKROACH KILLER This research was conducted to the feasibility of the Calamansi (Citrofortunella Microcarpa),Onion (Allium Cepa),Chili(Capsicum Fretescens Linn) of cockroach killer. There were only two trial done in the study to ensure the reliability of the results. It was conducted at Fabros’ residence. The experiment has 2 treatment. The 1st treatment shows the result when cockroaches were treated with the extract of Calamansi, Onion, and Chili with the given length of time. The 2nd treatment shows the result when cockroaches were treated with the commercial insecticide with the given length of time. Therefore the researchers accepts the hypothesis that Calamansi (Citrofortunella Microcarpa),Onion (Allium Cepa),Chili(Capsicum Fretescens Linn) are cockroach killer CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Cockroaches belong to the Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Anthropoda, Class Insecta and Order Blattaria. Cockroaches are one of the numerous species on the world. Some species are beneficial to the environment as important recyclers of decaying organic material. Cockroaches are attached to warm, moist environment. The pest cockroaches can be carries of various diseases......

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Competitors/Substitutes in Marketing

...Competitors/Substitutes Analyzing Competitive Forces • Threat of intense segment rivalry Currently in the home security industry, there is intense competition for growth in the market, making the threat of intense rivalry high. Market growth for security is rising because of various safety factors and consumers wanting their families and assets protected. By adding an insurance feature to our existing product line, ADT Security & Insurance can significantly lower its threat of segment rivalry because it takes out our direct competition. In order to keep this threat low, we will need to stay proactive in the market with our new extension and continue to increase our customer loyalty and branding, while continuing to create innovative new ideas for enhancing our services and maintaining a high competitive advantage. • Threat of new entrants At the present time, the threat of new entrants into the home security market is high. It has been recently reported that existing companies such as Verizon and Comcast are currently attempting to enter the home security market, offering some of the same products and services as ADT Security, along with competitive price points (www.verticalresearchpartners.com). There are however a few barriers that may slow their attempt. Although these companies are well-established names in the cable/telecom industries, with the current economic standings the way they are, gaining revenue to add, advertise and......

Words: 1523 - Pages: 7

Comparisson of Masculinity and the Psychoanalytic Theories Using the Example of the Fight Club

...use citations from Marc A. Price's essay The Fight for Self: The Language of the Unconscious in Fight club regarding psychoanalytical concepts such as ego, super-ego and the id as well as Lynn M. Ta's dissertation Hurt So Good: Fight Club, Masculine Violence, and the Crisis of Capitalism (regarding masulinity in the film), as these works were the main sources of my research. Then I'll try to come to the conclusion on which of two theories have more strength at being applied to films (primarily Fight Club). Application of theories and analysis. The connection that we shall draw between psychoanalytic theory and the film Fight Club is simple and is this; the narrator is a representation of the ego, for Tyler Durden we can substitute the id. In the Freudian psychic model the ego is the civilized part of consciousness. The ego is that part of the psychic apparatus that is modified so that a being can interact safely with other beings and thus remain accepted within the social group. It is important for identity formation that the individual is accepted by the group (that is wider society) therefore, a controlled id is of paramount importance, as we will see later. For Freud the ego/id relationship is “...like a man on horseback, who has to hold in check the superior strength of the horse; with this difference, that the rider tries to do so with his own strength while the ego uses borrowed forces.”8 For him the ego was central to his model.(Marc A Price) The......

Words: 1768 - Pages: 8