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Browning Analysis

In: English and Literature

Submitted By jychan451
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* war and negative racial stereotyping were two mutually reinforcing factors in this distancing- promote a psychological distancing between perpetrator and victim * bureaucratic and administrative aspects of the destruction process * disobedience meant the concentration camp if not immediate execution, possibly for their families as well BUT everyone could still make their own decisions about shooting * with the division of labor and removal of the killing process to the death camps, the men felt scarcely any responsibility at all for their action within virtually every social collective, the peer group exerts tremendous pressure son behavior and sets moral norms

those who did not shoot risked isolation, rejection and ostracism-a very uncomfortable prospect within the framework of a tight-knit unit stationed abroad among a hostile population, so that the individual had virtually nowhere else to turn for support and social contact

non shooters tried to diffuse the criticism of their comrades and pleaded NOT that they were “too good” but rather that they were “too weak” to kill

less men stepped away from this action than did at Jozefow and ended up killing more jews in half the time with a third of the manpower

87: Browning says “ at lomazy following orders reinforced the natural tendency to conform to the behavior of one’s comrades . this was much easier to bear than the situation at Jozefow. this is where the change began to happen for the men of the 101st.

Men who slipped away at Jozefow could not do the same at Lomazy and through this baptism by fire they grew more accustomed to the sights, sounds, and smells of these massacres.

death camp in trebelinka: turning point killing starts to come easier for the 101st even if that meant drinking copious amounts of alcohol before hand by showing the men enough horror and forcing them to partake in it-they become desensitized and efficient killers
“Jew Hunt” began relentless “search and destroy” mechanics of this phase in the Final Solution is enough to show how the men must have been comfortable with their jobs and almost enjoyed it pg. 127 “a ordinary policeman of my husband’s platoon came up to us…and declared, ‘Herr Leutnant, I have not yet had breakfast.. I have not yet kiled any Jews” the men changed as even after knowing and learning about teh victims, they still had the courage to kill. Killing “the enemy” without remorse is one thing, but killing a woman after learning that she ran the local movie theater in our time is something entirely more sinister. speaks volume about who much these men had changed.

“within virtually every social collective, the peer group exerts tremendous pressures on behavior and sets the moral norms if the men of the Reserve Police Battalion 101 could become killers under such circumstances, what group of men cannot? (189)

in the beginning: jozefow matter was simple not discussed (69)

in the end, it was easier for them to discuss it and make excuses for themselves “didn’t want to be thought a coward"
“without me the Jews were not going to escape their fate anyway” 72 these justifications eased the men’s souls

the army helped them to adapt by creating their own rules and norms about what was all right to do, they were able to cope -self-made rules

Conclusion: fear of punishment and peer pressure was a major contributor to turning ordinary men into cold-blooded and hardened killers

* Soldiers were performing their duty and therefore able to justify their actions of fulfilling a larger goal * Group pressures- if peers were murdering it was okay for them to do it * isolation, rejection and ostracis * Battalion members were called “cowards” by peers if didn’t carry-out killings * war and negative racial stereotyping * disobedience * division of labor and removal of the killing process to the death camps, * “too good” but rather that they were “too weak” to kill * “ at lomazy following orders reinforced the natural tendency to conform to the behavior of one’s comrades . this was much easier to bear than the situation at Jozefow. this is where the change began to happen for the men of the 101st. 87 * killing starts to come easier for the 101st even if that meant drinking copious amounts of alcohol before hand * ordinary policeman of my husband’s platoon came up to us…and declared, ‘Herr Leutnant, I have not yet had breakfast.. I have not yet kiled any Jews” * in the beginning: jozefow matter was simple not discussed (69) in the end, it was easier for them to discuss it and make excuses for themselves “didn’t want to be thought a coward"
“without me the Jews were not going to escape their fate anyway” 72
“within virtually every social collective, the peer group exerts tremendous pressures on behavior and sets the moral norms if the men of the Reserve Police Battalion 101 could become killers under such circumstances, what group of men cannot? (189)…...

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