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Apnea Monitor

In: Science

Submitted By kiritosan
Words 1030
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Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also called crib or cot death, is defined as the sudden death of an infant younger than one year of age. The similar diseases of SIDS are the suspension of external diseases of Apnea.

It is virtually impossible to prevent the death of an infant related to SIDS. No test or combination of symptoms can accurately predict whether a child might succumb to SIDS. However, there are several strategies that can effectively reduce the risk of SIDS. One of the methods being used is by using apnea monitor.

Apnea is the most common form of different types of sleep-related breathing disorders. It is characterized by repetitive cessations of respiratory flow during sleep, which occurs due to a collapse of the upper respiratory airway. The purpose of this research is to study how the apnea monitor works.


Apnea monitors is a device that detect the cessation of breathing (apnea) in infants and adults who are at risk of respiratory failure. Apnea monitor use the application of magnetic flux to detect if the patient are still breathing or not. This device is used to prevent SIDS and apnea. SIDS is the sudden and unexplained death of an infant who is younger than 1 year old.

Apneas are defined as pauses in breathing of more than 10 seconds while asleep. These occur at regular intervals throughout the night. The subject is rarely aware of their difficulty breathing even upon awakening, and the condition may go undetected for years until noticed by someone else.

Sleep apnea (SA) in the form of Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is becoming the most common respiratory disorder during sleep, which is characterized by cessations of airflow to the lungs. These cessations in breathing must last more than 10 seconds to be considered an apnea event. Apnea events may occur 5 to 30 times an hour and may occur up to four hundred times per night in those with severe SA. The most frequent night symptoms of SA can include snoring, nocturnal arousals, sweating and restless sleep.

Moreover, like all sleeping disorders, symptoms of sleep apnea do not occur just during the night. Daytime symptoms can range from morning headaches, depression, impaired concentration and excessive sleepiness which cause mortality from traffic and industrial accidents. However, these symptoms are not definitive to detect SA syndrome


Apnea monitor

Apnea monitors detect the cessation of breathing (apnea) in infants and adults who are at risk of respiratory failure and alert the parent or attendant to the condition. Some prolonged respiratory pauses result in low oxygen concentration levels in the body, which can lead to irreversible brain damage and, if prolonged, death.

SIDS and Apnea Diseases

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden unexplained death of a child less than one year of age. It requires that the death remains unexplained even after a thorough autopsy and detailed death scene investigation. SIDS usually occurs during sleep. The exact cause of SIDS is unknown. Some theory says that maybe it’s because of the failure of the brain to manage the respiratory system or the heart failure.

Apneas are defined as pauses in breathing of more than 10 seconds while asleep. These occur at regular intervals throughout the night. The subject is rarely aware of their difficulty breathing even upon awakening, and the condition may go undetected for years until spotted by someone else. Central sleep apnea is largely caused by an imbalance in the brain and central nervous system during sleep.

The brain monitors all blood oxygen levels, and in most people this function ensures consistent intake of oxygen and outtake of carbon dioxide. In central sleep apnea, the brain does not react quickly enough to changes in these levels in the body while sleeping, and is forced to overcompensate afterwards, resulting in long missed breaths, followed by short rapid breaths. It’s also can lead to death if the pauses is occurs long enough to lower the oxygen level in the blood stream and even can lead to brain damage.

How Apnea Monitor Help To Prevent the Disease

Apnea monitor use the concept of magnetic field. When the device was turned on, it produces the magnetic field and induced voltage. The reason why the device is coiled around the patience chest is to monitor if the patience is breathing or not. When the patience is breathing, their chest expended and the device will measure the rate of change of induced voltage. If the patience stops breathing, the pattern of induced voltage will stabilize, the sensor will not detect any reading and the device will trigger an alarm.

Other than that, the magnetic flux released by the device will lower the thickness of the blood and increase the rate of blood stream in the vessel. The increasing rate of flow of the oxygenated blood in the vessel means the blood will transfer the oxygen to entire body effectively. This means that the brain will receive enough oxygen to fully control the respiratory system so that we can breathe without any interruption.


To prevent baby from SIDS and others from apneas, the apnea monitor need to be attached to them. The devices will warn the caregivers if the baby stop breathing suddenly. Besides, each hospital in this world should have this device attached to their patients so that the SIDS and apneas can be prevented.

The devices use magnetic field to produce induced voltage and measure the strength of the induced voltage each time the chest of the baby expended during respiration.

Other than that, the effect of blood because of magnetic field also gives advantages to the patience body. The magnetic field decreases the thickness of the blood so that it can flow faster and transfer oxygen more effectively. The SIDS and apnea diseases can be prevented by using the devices.



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