A Litany in Time of Plague Analysis

In: English and Literature

Submitted By gadgetmaniah
Words 1522
Pages 7
A Litany in Time of Plague
Q) Comment closely on the ways in which the poem, 'A Litany in Time of Plague,' expresses the idea of impending death.
Ans.) Thomas Nash's poem, 'A Litany in Time of Plague,' was written during the time when several plagues infested Europe, in the 15th century, resulting in countless amounts of deaths, and thus discusses the idea of impending and inevitable death. 'Litany' is synonymous with the word prayer and so the poem is similar in nature to a prayer or a recital. However, the content of this poem is excessively dark and carries the notion of a helpless time of despair- the only entity left to resort to is the 'Lord' himself. Using powerful imagery and grim realism, Nash conveys the idea of the ultimate reality of life, that death will overshadow anything and anyone, regardless of their status, wealth or beauty as 'Death proves them all but toys.'
The poem opens with the word 'Adieu,' providing the idea of death and departing from the very first line. Farwell is said to 'earth's bliss,' all the joys and comforts of life, which helps in setting a gloomy and despairing tone. The punctuation of this stanza, a semi-colon after each line, also aids in keeping a slow rhythm, adding to the gloomy tone and atmosphere. Alternatively, it could also suggest a slow death or a dying person's last words, as they are said in a slow rhythm as well. The poet believes that all the 'lustful joys' of life are fond and foolish, since in front of death they are but mere 'toys.' He confirms his belief that no one and nothing is safe from a personified 'Death,' from whose 'darts' no one can escape. This supports the overall idea and theme of the poem, that death is inevitable and uncertain; it will ultimately consume everyone. The ending two lines of the stanza act as a refrain and reiterate the fact there lies no choice but to accept death, as the poet…...

Similar Documents

Time Series Analysis Summary

...Time Series Analysis Summary Tokelo Khalema 2008060978 BSc. Actuarial Science University of the Free State Bloemfontein November 1, 2012 Time Series Analysis A time-series is a stochastic process {Xt : t = 1, . . . , T } with a continous state space and discrete time domain. It arises naturally as an ordered series of values observed over time. Examples include daily closing prices of a stock index recorded over several years, say, the flow rate of the River Nile, road casualties in Great Britain over the years 1969-84, etc. Stationary time-series are particularly easy to analyse. A series is stationary if its mean and variance are constant over time. Special aids are available to help determine whether or not a series is stationary. Particularly notable in this regard are the autocorrelation function (ACF) and the partial autocorrelation function (PACF). These are plots of the sample autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation coefficients at various time lags, respectively. If the ACF decays gradually to zero, then the series is non-stationary. If on the other hand the ACF and PACF decay rapidly to zero, then the series is stationary. A series being non-stationary can be brought about by, among others, a trend, irregular fluctuations, or seasonal variation. Non-constant variance, or as commonly called, heteroscedasticity can be eliminated by using a variance-stabilising transformation. A number of ways exist that eliminate a trend. Two of which are, to subtract a regression......

Words: 1929 - Pages: 8

The Times Analysis

... | TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 3 ANALYSIS 5 1. Digitality 5 2. Interactivity 5 3. Hypertextuality 6 4. Virtuality 6 5. Hypermediacy 7 6. Immediacy 7 7. Automation 8 DISCUSSION 9 1. Fragmentation 9 2. Information and communication freedom 10 REFERENCES 11 INTRODUCTION In twenty years, Internet has modified the everyday life of more than 2 billion persons. (InternetWorldStats, 2011) The World Wide Web has become a work tool for some of us and an entertainment for others. At the middle of the 1990’s, the press groups made a start on this new network which is resourceful in a lot of fields: quick information spreading, instant access to many news website, link to related topics and articles, wide sort of aids to illustrate the news, possibility to find an article easily thanks to search engine. Internet gives deep information that neither old support could give until now. Today, Internet press websites have become real economic issues for the media. All the press groups are conscious that they have to invest in the online version of their newspapers. It is a survival opportunity but they did not know yet the better way to use these new technologies and make the most of the many possible innovations. The online news consumption already exceeds the writing press ones. The Times had to create an online version to make its 250 year’s old printed version younger. Online......

Words: 3040 - Pages: 13

Lean Based Time & Motion Analysis

...Chapter 1 Inroduction Paint History Chapter 1 1.1 Paint History: Paint is one of the oldest synthetic substances known, with a history stretching back into prehistoric times. Prehistoric man made it more than 35,000 years ago as they mixed clays and chalks with animal fats and used these paints to depict their hunts on cave walls. By 2500BC, Egyptians had improved the technology by developing a clear blue pigment by grinding azurite, gums, wax and egg white as binders and solvents for their paints. Greeks learnt to blend paints with hot wax, rather than water, making paint both thicker and easier to spread. By this time, colours were available from natural and synthetic sources, one of the most interesting being a purple pigment made from heating yellow earth till it turned red and then plunging it into vinegar. In the eighteenth century, paint factories began to open in Europe and America, and by the nineteenth century, mass production had brought prices down where houses began to be painted. In the twentieth century, paint manufacturing and its function is widely understood especially from chemical point of view, meaning that paint manufacture has finally moved from being an art to being a science. 1.2 Paint Importance and Its Production: Paints are used for the protection and appearance enhancement of houses, buildings, cars, ships and many more. They are used as a safety feature to grab person attention like in lane markings on road......

Words: 13854 - Pages: 56

Time Series Analysis

...ON TIME SERIES ANALYSIS PLANNING AND CONTROL OF OPERATONS FAWAZ MOHAMED KUTTY 215112035 MBA Ist YEAR TIME SERIES ANALYSIS A time series may be defined as a set of values of a variable collected and recorded in a chronological order of the time intervals. Time series is used by statisticians to describe the flow of economic activity. In short time series refers to the data depending on time. It refers to a set of observations concerning any activity against different periods of time. The duration of the time period may be hourly, daily, weekly, monthly or yearly. According to Morris Hamburg “A time series is a set of statistical observations arranged in chronological order”. Therefore time series is also called historical data or historical series. The study of movement of quantitative data through time is referred to as ‘time series analysis’. Time series is of great importance to the planners of economic development and economists. The success of planning depends upon making accurate forecasts of future conditions of economy. It enables the economists to foresee what is likely to come and to analyze the repercussions of past behavior. The analysis of time series enables us to understand the past behavior or performance. Time series analysis can be used to know how the data changes over time and find out probable reasons for such change. UTILITY OF TIME SERIES ANALYSIS Analysis of time series is of relevance whenever a variable is found to vary over time.......

Words: 1324 - Pages: 6

Time Series Analysis

...Time Series Analysis Yt=observed value of the time series in time period t TRt=the trend component or factorin time period t SNt=the seasonal componentor factorin time period t CLt=the cyclical componentor factorin time period t IRt=the irregular componentor factorin time period t 7.1) CL*IRCL=IR a) SN1=1.191 TR1=240.5 CL1=null IRt=null SN2=1.521 TR2=260.4 CL2=0.998 IR2=0.990 SN3=0.804 TR3=280.4 CL3=0.994 IR3=0.986 SN4=0.484 TR4=300.3 CL4=1.003 IR4=1.008 b) It presents a multiplicative decomposition model Yt=TRt*SNt*CLt*IRt SNt*IRt=YtTRt CLt snt*irt=YtCMAt =YtCMAt Equation of the estimated trend: TRt=Bo+B1t dt=B0+B1t+εt TRt=220.53+19.94(t) c) Yt=trt*snt Y17=220.53+19.9417*1.191=666.6 Y18=220.53+19.9418*1.521=881.6 Y19=220.53+19.9419*0.804=482.1 Y20=220.53+19.9420*0.484=299.9 d) Yt=trt*snt*cl We cannot see a definitive cycle and because the values of cl are close to 1. We do not take it into account. Y21=220.53+19.9421*0.191=761.6 e) Since there are just four years of data and most values are near 1 we cannot discern a well-defined cycle. f) Y21=220.53+19.9421*0.191=761.6 It agrees with the values computed in part c g) Excel Spreadsheet h) Prediction intervals for the next 4 quarters t=17,18,19,20 t=17:654.094,679.542 t=18:869.038,894.542 t=19:469.107,494.556 t=20:286.977,312.426 8.1) Smoothing equation l0=t=1nYtn Which is the average of the first series values lT=αyT+(1-α)lT-1 α:smoothing......

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Hard Times Theme Analysis

...Hard Times |Theme Analysis | | | | | | | |[pic][pic][pic][pic][pic] | | | |Head versus Heart | |Hard Times shows the inadequacy of an approach to life that emphasizes only the human intellect at | |the expense of the imagination and the heart. The character who most embodies the false approach is | |Thomas Gradgrind. Gradgrind worships facts and figures and prides himself on being very practical. He| |thinks that the only things valuable in life are those that can be objectively measured. He believes | |that human behavior can be shaped for the better by the rational application of practical knowledge. | |Gradgrind refuses to accept the validity of "fancy" or imagination; only practical things matter, and| |he puts his faith in abstract theories rather than direct observation of how real people behave, and | |what their real......

Words: 1053 - Pages: 5

Financial Analysis Time Series

...the degree of financial development in a country, the wider will be the availability of financial services. A developed financial system offers higher returns with less risk. In this paper it is attempted to collect main components of financial development including Banks, Stock markets, insurance companies and bond markets for 41 economies during the period of 1988 to 2009. The method of principal component is utilized to extract a single financial development index out of them. Principal component analysis is a modern tool of data analysis. The main aim to apply principal component to achieve a meaningful index out of complex and multidimensional elements of financial development and to re-express the data with minimum noise and maximum extract, so that a single measure of financial development can be achieved. This index can be used to assess the financial strength of an economy and can be related to growth further. Key Words: Financial Development Index, Principal Component Analysis 1. Introduction Financial development can be defined as the policies, factors, and the institutions that lead to the efficient intermediation and effective financial markets. A strong financial system offers risk diversification and effective capital allocation. The greater the financial development, the higher would be the mobilization of savings and its allocation to high return projects. Levine (1993) emphasized to consider the importance of financial sector in economic growth. Financial......

Words: 10363 - Pages: 42

Time Series Analysis

...REPORT ON TIME SERIES ANALYSIS REPORT ON TIME SERIES ANALYSIS SUBMITTED TO M. KHAIRUL HOSSAIN PROFESSOR Department Of Finance University Of Dhaka SUBMITTED BY Group – 17 Section-A BBA 12th Batch Department Of Finance WE ARE... |Sl. No |Name |Roll No | |1. |Dulal Paul |12-143 | |2. |Rahat Hussain Md. Zaidy |12-149 | |3. |MD. Arif Hasan |12-150 | |4. |MD. Khurshid Alam |12-170 | |5. |MD. Saiful Islam |12-254 | Letter of Transmittal Date: 16th September, 2008 M. Khairul Hossain Professor Department Of Finance Faculty of Business Studies University of Dhaka Subject: Submission of report We are pleased to submit the following report on the “Time Series Analysis”. By completing the report, we have got acquainted importance and relevance of time series on business application. We also perceived idea on the whole process of Time Series Analysis. We acquired knowledge about the......

Words: 2921 - Pages: 12

The Plague

...The Plague If there is one part of life that humans have trouble overcoming it is natural disasters. They are unexpected, incurable, and often unconquerable. One specific type of natural disaster is that of sickness. Plagues are disastrous evil afflictions of an epidemic disease causing a high rate of mortality. A historically famous plague in the fourteenth and fifteenth century is the Black or Bubonic Plague. The social and economic effects of the plague in Europe were harmful to the population and economy. The Black Plague is an Oriental Plague marked by inflammatory boils and tumors of the glands. Such break outs were found in no other feverish disease. Inflammatory boils often appeared and black spots which indicated decomposition of the body ultimately appeared on the skin. Another symptom of the plague was openings with a discharge of offensive matter. Due to the significant pain and rapid spread of the plague medicine was ultimately never found, although attempted. People consumed in the plague died within three days of getting it. The plague began in 1333, fifteen years before it broke out in Europe. Many natural disasters were engulfing the Asian countries; floods, starvation, droughts, and the plague. A drought and food shortage had crucified the country which was started by floods of the Kiang and Hoai Rivers. After all of these disastrous events still an earthquake, continued floods, and food shortage ended in late 1300’s. Around 1339 in northwestern Europe...

Words: 1602 - Pages: 7

Time Series Analysis

...forecasted data may not be that reliable either due to the following reasons. Firstly, we cannot assume that only one factor is affecting the emission of carbon dioxide. Some of the possible effects of the carbon dioxide emission may be caused by economical factors such as a more pollutant free driven productions, better application on environmental policy and better education leading to public awareness of society towards environmental issues. (Zugravu et al, 2008) Next, we also have to take account of the limitations of this method to judge on the reliability of the forecast. As mentioned before, the exponential smoothing method is not that suitable to forecast long termed time series whereas the data researched on would require a longer term of data collection to obtain a more accurate time series analysis of the carbon dioxide emissions in the United Kingdom. Finally, the small sample size may be of an issue contributing to the lack of reliability in the forecast. Since only 20 data on the carbon dioxide emission in metric tons per capita of the United Kingdom was obtained we cannot guarantee that this 20 data would be enough to make an accurate forecast....

Words: 1820 - Pages: 8

New York Times Analysis

...Christopher Sanderson, Jennifer Clemente, Andres Delgado FIN6590 PMBA New York Times Bail Out Analysis In January 2009, Carlos Slim Hula decided to offer what he believed to be a generous deal to a cash strapped New York Times. With a $400M debt facility looming in May, the New York Times has been exploring various positions to increase or bolster its cash reserves to either restructure or refinance the debt facility. The offer from Carlos Slim was for $250M in cash, repayable at 14% annual interest rate coupon, and an attached warrant that would allow him to exercise a buyout of 16 million shares of stock. The question comes down to whether this was a calculated, debt based investment of Carlos Slim’s money, or whether he has other motives for providing the media company the money, which is part of an industry currently struggling. The first thing that must be stated is that Carlos Slim already has an investment of 6.9% in NYT stock, a deal that had lost 50% of its value already. If he exercised his warrants for class “A” shares of New York Times stock, it would give him nearly 17% of currently available stock. This stock would be different than the class “B” stock, which has a majority share by the current New York Times owners, the Sulzberger family. (Kafka, 2009) However, he would still be the second largest shareholder in the company. This puts a spin on the “bailout” Carlos is offering. He could be attempting to boost his own shares for a selloff. He......

Words: 1831 - Pages: 8

Economic Times Case Analysis

...Team Members Economic times article and reflective note Should RBI check rupee's rise? Posted on October 20, 2010 | View 124 We expect the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to intervene in the foreign exchange market to mop up surplus capital flows. This means that the RBI will buy dollars and inject rupee liquidity into the economy. This, of course, is different from imposing controls to turn capital flows away, which we do not expect. Why? Well, the RBI must generate more money to fund growth at reasonable interest rates. Its 100-basis-point hike in cash reserve ratio has pulled money growth down to a tight 15% level. This is clearly insufficient to fund loan demand growing at 20%. Won’t this fuel inflation? Not really. Some monetary expansion is necessary for growth; it is only excessive money supply that is inflationary — the difference between eating and overeating. Second, the RBI needs to inject liquidity to fund government borrowing. Although the Centre and states plan to borrow around Rs 2,000 billion (net) in October-March 2011, it is difficult to see how banks and insurers can put in more than Rs 1,400 billion. This means that the RBI will have to plug the gap either by directly buying government bonds through open market purchase or indirectly by injecting rupees through forex intervention. Third, the RBI needs to recoup the $35 billion of forex reserves sold during the 2008 credit crisis to arrest the deterioration in vulnerability indicators. Short-term......

Words: 1483 - Pages: 6

Flex Time Case Analysis

...Organisational Behaviour FLEX TIME Case Analysis Group Members Summary of the Facts Electro Electronics was an electronic research firm established in 1948 and was based in Houston, Texas. Over time, the firm grew into a product area of electronic test instruments and commercial building control systems. Despite these changes, the firm was still involved in contract work. Mr. Fred Codova was the President of the company at this time. Due to severe traffic problems the implementation of a ‘Flex Time’ system was undertaken per suggestion from the Mayor. This implementation was said to be able to increase productivity along with a higher morale of work. President Cordova assigned the task of designing the plan and writing a memo to the Director of Personnel, Richard Sasche.The company was accustomed to the traditional work hours. The rush hour in the morning and evening period had always caused problems amongst the work force. The memo about the Flex Time plan was suggested to be posted for all employees to see. The memo informed workers about the plan and its guidelines. The Digital Display team was headed by Jim Hallora, who was the project coordinator. Jim worked at the firm for 27 years and is considered conservative with his thought and unsociable yet very argumentative whenever his mandates are criticized. He always exerts much authority over his workers.The Flex Time program is implemented and Jim disagrees and writes his own memo to be able to......

Words: 1868 - Pages: 8

The Bubonic Plague Analysis

...The Bubonic Plague Analysis Contents I. Abstract II. Introduction III. Background Information IV. Discussion V. Diagnosis Test VI. Prevention VII. Conclusion VIII. Bibliography Abstract According to archeologists, Bubonic plague may have originated from Egypt and not in Asia as originally thought. The disease is termed ‘Black Death’ and is said to have also begun in North Africa. Archeologists and fossil insect experts report that the disease may have distributed as a result of the flooding of River Nile that forced the rats to infest the human populated areas during the 3500 B.C. The causative agents of Bubonic Plague are known as Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis) that are normally classified as Gram-negative, bipolar-staining coccobacilli. The coccobacilli are either rod or oval shape, and they is short. The Y. pestis metabolism is fermentative just like the other enterobacteriaceae, and they produce a thick antiphagocytic capsule that prevents the white blood cells from the ability to ward off the Y. pestis infection. In this paper, the disease Bubonic Plague will be discussed in details, including its causes, and the place where the recent outbreak has occurred. Introduction Bubonic Plague is brought by the Yersinia pestis, which is a Gam-negative, bipolar-staining coccobacilli. As learned in classes, the coccobacilli are rod or oval in shape, and normally short in size. Just like other Enterobacteriaceae, the......

Words: 1785 - Pages: 8

Time Series Analysis

...Time series analysis We are pleased to submit the following report on the “Time Series Analysis”. By completing the report, we have got acquainted importance and relevance of time series on business application. We also perceived idea on the whole process of Time Series Analysis. We acquired knowledge about the method of measuring trend, growth rate, acceleration rate etc. In spite of limitation of time & opportunity we have tried our level best to complete the report. We are pleased to provide you with this report with necessary analysis, references and we shall be available for any clarification, if required. Thank you for assigning us in this study. On behalf of the group Md. Arif Hasan ID: 12-150 Table of Contents Serial No Topic Page No 1 Letter of Transmittal 1 2 Rationale of the study 2 3 Objectives of the report 3 4 Methodology of the report 3 5 What is Time Series 4 6 Uses of Time Series in Business 5 7 Components of a Time Series 5 8 Classical Time Series Model 9 9 Methods of trend measurement 9 10 Least squares method 10 11 The Growth Rate 14 12 The Acceleration Rate 15 13 Rule of 72 16 14 Bibliography 17 Rationale of the study Having been assigned to prepare a report on Time Series Analysis we are submitting the term paper based on our findings and understandings. Time series analysis has vast application and is of huge importance in the field of Business and Economics as well as in decision making thereof. Calculating secular trend we......

Words: 2908 - Pages: 12